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Main / Expeditions / Pinejski reserve 2002

Pinejski reserve 2002

A trip for a week to Arkhangelsk region with friends for investigation of Karst landscapes. It was held in Pinega governmental natural preserve, which was found in 20 August 1974. The territory of the preserve is situated on the right bank of the Pinega. The Pinega is one of the main inflows of the the Severnaya Dvina, in the mouth of which Arkhangelsk is situated. Several decades of thousand years ago some movements of the earth's crust happened – it changed the hydrographic scheme of the region. Before that movement the lower part of the Pinega belonged to the Severnaya Dvina, which flew into the sea to the west of the Mezen mouth. The Kuloi was separated from Pinega by moraine. Later people constructed a canal through the moraine and united Pinega and Kuloi. The tectonic movements provoked lifting in relief, which is called nowadays Belomorsko-Kuloiskaya tableland. It created the landscape, unique for the North. The fact is that this part of the plateau is made by limestone and gypsum. As it is known this rocks are dissolved by water easily, i.e. serves as a base for creating karst relief, fantastical by its forms above ground and under it. The square of the preserve at the time of it foundation was 41244 hectares. In 1996 it was extended by 10278 hectares. The territories of Golubinsky reserve (1204 hectares) and reserve “Iron gates” are also included into the area of Pinega preserve. The central farmland of the preserve is situated in Pinega settlement. For those who are interested in history and local lore it is a very interesting object. Its inhabitants are proud of the fact that chronicles have records about this place 10 years before the first mention about Moscow. But the preserve is famous first of all because of intense development of karst rocks. Such extent of the development is very unusual for the territories of permafrost and short summer. In some places the surface is covered with so many karst crates, that you can hardly reach there. Real canyons with the walls of several decades of metres impress your imagination. It is wonderful to watch such forms of relief on plain. But the main beauty of it is situated underground. There are usual stalactites and stalagmites, but they are almost always ice, not calcium. Water streams are also strange: they appear from underground and then suddenly disappear. Of cause this region is worth of more attention.

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